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The following includes the half, complete, mourner's and rabbi's kaddish.The variant lines of the kaddish after a burial or a siyum are given below.The oldest version of the Kaddish is found in the Siddur of Rab Amram Gaon, c. Shira Schoenberg observes that "The first mention of mourners saying Kaddish at the end of the service is in a 13th century halakhic writing by Isaac ben Moses of Vienna, the Or Zarua ("Light is Sown").The Kaddish at the end of the service became designated as Kaddish Yatom or Mourner's Kaddish (literally, "Orphan's Kaddish").
The central line of the Kaddish in Jewish tradition is the congregation's response: , Genesis 49:2 and Deuteronomy 6:4), and is similar to the wording of Daniel .
It takes the form of Kaddish Yehe Shelama Rabba, and is traditionally recited several times, most prominently at or towards the end of the service, after the Aleinu and/or closing Psalms and/or (on the Sabbath) Ani'im Zemirot.
Following the death of a parent, child, spouse, or sibling it is customary to recite the Mourner's Kaddish in the presence of a congregation daily for thirty days, or eleven months in the case of a parent, and then at every anniversary of the death.
Most of it is written in Aramaic, which, at the time of its original composition, was the lingua franca of the Jewish people.
It is not composed in the vernacular Aramaic, however, but rather in a "literary, jargon Aramaic" that was used in the academies, and is identical to the dialect of the Targum.